49 CFR PARTS 100-185 PDF
For more specific requirements, carriers and shippers should consult the most current edition of 49 CFR Parts Motor carriers should. This course is based on the materials provided, which include the annual Government Printing Office edition of 49CFR (Parts ), and the three books. Two editions published each year keeps your regulations current and up to date. Waiting a year or more to update Federal or DOT regulations increases the risk.
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This document provides only a general overview of the requirements for transporting hazardous materials by highway. For more specific requirements, carriers and shippers should consult the most current edition of 49 CFR Parts The 100-15 is authorized to issue regulations to implement the requirements of 49 U.
The hazardous materials regulations have changed significantly over the last several years.
These changes were first introduced in Docket HM which provided for the harmonization of the United State’s hazardous materials regulations with international standards in order to facilitate foreign trade and maintain the competitiveness of U. The applicability of the hazardous materials regulations was extended to all intrastate shipments of hazardous materials by highway effective October 1,as published in the final rule, Docket HM dated January 8, This final rule also provided exceptions pars “materials of trade”, “agricultural operations” and certain non-specification packaging used in commerce.
Special agents of the Department of Transportation can not be denied reasonable access to those areas that fall within the 4 scope of their duties.
The hazardous materials regulations are applicable to the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce and their offering to:. Underlined in the preceding extract from the Hazardous Materials Regulations are three important terms; “person,” “offeror” and “commerce” See Appendix A Definitions.
The word shipper is frequently used by industry in place of the word cvr. These three words are important in that they define when you are subject to the jurisdiction of the Department of Transportation. Most Federal Agencies including the Department of Defense are considered “offerors” when they ship hazardous materials by commercial carriers.
Contractors are fully subject to the requirements of the Federal hazardous materials transportation law. The Uniformed Services of the United States generally are not subject to the commerce clause of the Constitution. However, many states require military movements by highway to conform to 49 CFR or compatible state regulations.
When in peacetime, the military services procure commercial transportation, offering into commercethe parrs is engaged in commerce cft required to comply with 49 CFR.
How to Comply with Federal Hazardous Materials Regulations
The following are excepted from the registration requirement:. An HMSP is required to transport any of the following materials:. All motor carriers, including interstate, intrastate and foreign carriers must comply with this regulation. For more information you may call The Modal Agencies have established their own programs to prioritize their inspection activities of transporters of hazardous materials.
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in addition to the Modal Agencies have selection criteria for shippers; “offerors”, that are similar i. In almost all instances these shipper inspections are unannounced. Although the Federal Government is exempt from the penalty provisions, See definition of “person” on page 26 of this H.
Listed above are the major responsibilities of HM shippers. General shipper responsibilities are contained in 49 CFR Part Identification of a hazardous material is the first step, and frequently the most difficult. Of all the shippers’ offerors’ responsibilities, the requirement to properly classify a hazardous material is very important. It is from the proper identification of the hazardous materials that the other requirements are based on. A list of all material regulated by the DOT is located in section The current 49 CFR is consistent with the international requirements.
However, there are some differences in the requirements for shipment by international air, international vessel, and shipments to and from Canada. The HMR addresses the requirements for the movement of shipments prepared in accordance with the international and Canadian regulations in 49 CFR sections This list above contains some of the major responsibilities of HM carriers.
Carrier and offeror shipper responsibilities frequently overlap. When a motor carrier performs a shipper function, the carrier is responsible for performing that function in accordance with 49 CFR. The cargo space of the vehicle should be suitable for the material being shipped. The vehicle itself must be in sound mechanical condition. The carrier must check to insure that the material offered by the shipper is properly described and packaged.
In addition to the provisions of 49 CFR Partsinterstate motor carriers of placarded loads must comply with the hazardous materials requirements in 49 CFR Part Immediate notification of a hazardous materials incident by a carrier is required at the earliest practical moment for incidents that occur during the course of transportation including loading, unloading, and temporary storage in which as a direct result of the hazardous materials any one or more of the following occurs:.
Each notice shall be given telephonically to the Department at Incidents involving etiologic agents may be made to the CDC at For content of report and additional information, please see Detailed reporting requirements are contained in The purpose of the table is to assign proper shipping names, class and division, and guidance for packaging and handling requirements for hazardous materials.
It is important to remember to read the instructions contained in front of table Many violations occur because individuals fail to review these instructions. Information that is available from the Table consists of: The term “Hazardous Materials” includes all of the following: A comparison of the old and new classification system is contained in In addition to the change in classification systems we are now concerned with compatibility groups which are designated by alpha characters: Information on the different compatibility groups are contained in 49 CFR Materials transported domestically only, whose FPs are F up to F may be reclassified as combustible in accordance with See Appendix H, Part for the required tests.
Consumer commodities are materials that are packaged and distributed in a form intended for, or suitable for sale through retail sales. In order to determine if a particular hazardous material may qualify as a consumer commodity, refer to the section number in Part identified in column 8 of the Part of 49 CFR contains the hazardous materials communication requirements in addition to the hazardous materials table, emergency response requirements, training, and security plan.
The term hazardous materials communications commonly refers to shipping papers, marking, labeling and placarding. For cfe purpose of the hazardous materials regulations, a shipping paper is any shipping document whose purpose is to communicate a hazard, and parrts to the requirements contained in this Subpart. Each person who offers hazardous materials for transportation shall describe parst hazardous materials on a shipping paper that conforms to the requirements of the HMR.
No carrier may transport a hazardous material unless it is accompanied by a shipping paper that is prepared in accordance with the HMR.
The description of hazardous materials on a shipping paper is contained in section The basic description now includes proper shipping name, hazard class, identification number, and packaging group. The class names, IMO class and division numbers, or subsidiary hazard classes may be entered in parentheses. Entries are required for number and type packaging and weight net or gross. It is important to remember that except for materials in the U.
Recommendations, the ICAO Technical Instructions, or the IMDG 100–185, a material that is not a hazardous material 100-815 to this sub-chapter may not be offered for transportation or transported when its description on a shipping paper includes a hazard class or an identification number specified in 49 CFR Depending on the material being transported additional information requirements to be entered on the shipping paper are contained in 49 CFR Recent changes include entries for: Technical names for n.
The regulation requires an emergency response telephone number to be placed on the shipping paper. The telephone number must be monitored at all times when the material is in transportation to include storage incidental to transportation. The number must be of a person who is knowledgeable of the hazardous materials dfr shipped and the appropriate emergency response procedures, or a person who has immediate pzrts to a person who has such knowledge.
This telephone number must be readily identifiable on the shipping paper. A problem with some Bills of Ladings are the numerous emergency numbers for various types of problems, such as requests for delivery times or requests for safe partx. Emergency responders may have trouble identifying the DOT emergency response telephone number. The DOT does not dictate who signs the certification on the shipping papers. The individual who signs the certification should be the individual most knowledgeable of the shipment.
49CFR Parts , October Early Edition, Custom Cover
Public Law amended 49 U. The basic marking 100-15 consists of the proper shipping name and identification number of the hazardous materials contained in the package. Markings should be durable, in English, and not obscured cf other markings or labels. Depending on the material there may be additional marking requirements.
For non-bulk packaging, technical names must be marked in parenthesis in association with the proper shipping name if required by Xfr numbers are not required for ORM-D and limited quantities. Bulk packaging requirements are in section Identification Numbers must be on each side and each end for packages L 1, gals or more and for cylinders permanently mounted on tube trailer motor vehicles.
Identification Numbers on two opposing sides for packages less than L 1, gals. Technical names are not required for bulk packages.
You may not offer or transport a container unless the HM markings apply to the material contained in the package. There is an exception for empty containers if: Each person who offers for transportation or transports a hazardous material shall ensure the package is properly labeled. There prts a number of exceptions to the labeling requirements contained in Prohibited labeling is contained in The following is a list of additional requirements:.
Each person who offers for transportation any hazardous materials subject to the HMR shall comply with the applicable placarding requirements. Applicability of placarding requirements cdr Placarding is not required for infectious substances, ORM-D, limited quantities, small quantity shipments, and combustible liquids in non-bulk packages.