The Romanians in the Anonymous Gesta Hungarorum. Truth and Fiction, Centrul de Studii Transilvane (Bibliotheca Rerum Transsilvaniae, XXXIV) Cluj-Napoca. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Oct 1, , Martyn Rady and others published The Gesta Hungarorum of Anonymus, the Anonymous Notary of King Bela. Magyar: Béla király Névtelen Jegyzője krónikájának első lapja A GESTA HUNGARORUM egyetlen kéziratos példánya, a tiroli Ambras várának.

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Gesta Hungarorum – Wikipedia

The Medieval Hungarian Historians: Tunc uterque exercitus ad invicem pervenerunt, medio fluvio interiacente. Dum pater Ogmand speculator Tuhutum, per circuitum more vulpino bonitatem et fertilitatem terre et habitatores eius inspexis- set, quantum humanus visus valet, ultra, quam dici potest, dilexit et celerrimo cursu ad dominum suum reversus est.

In the former Pannonian provinces, the Roman population sur- vived better in the presence of elements left from the superior civi- lization of the Roman world. Quod sic factum est.

Gwsta, the inhabi- tants of the country [incolae terre], at their command, built stone gates [portas lapideas edificaverunt] and made a anonymux wooden enclo- sure [clausuram magnam de arboribus] at the boundary of the king- dom. We do not under- stand why this hypothesis was even expressed.

Anyway, Verancsics rebuked the Romanian nobleman. It seems that the Anony- mous Notary still knew the significance of the title gylas, forgotten by the later chroniclers.

If we accept the date after Bela II, then the identifica- tion with Paulus, bishop of Morisena, would be worthy of consid- eration.

This form of the name is of Slavic origin. From the archaeologi- cal point of view, the chronology of the arrival of the first Hunga- rian warriors in Transylvania does not contradict our opinion expres- sed in the previous chapter, because the objects could be dated up to snonymus middle of the 10th century.

Even if not all of his statements are true, the book remains a reference text for every scholar interested in the history of Hungary and Transylvania. In conclusion, we contend that the events described testa GH, c. Ibique ter- reis castris septem preparatis pro uxoribus et rebus suis conservandis ali- quamdiu permanserunt.


The Gesta Hungarorum of Anonymus, the Anonymous Notary of King Béla: a translation.

The progress of the research should go further on the way traced by these historians, but with- out the exaggerations and the mistakes made by some authors who believed that patriotism means to write about history without a crit- ical eye and without taking seriously into account the conclusions expressed by the opposite side. The presence anonjmus the Romanians in northern Pannonia should be explained by later migrations.

The Medieval Hungarian Historians: The Realm of St Stephen: The Deeds of the Hungarians Prologuep. Qui cum venisset, domino suo de bonitate illius terre multa dixit: These new masters of Pannonia withdrew inbut their place was taken by the Gepids, who settled the Sirmium region.

Tendentious in their content, the gestae always searched for this legitimacy into a remote past in the Biblical ages or in the Roman era.

GH shows instead the route followed by the conquerors: This confusion is not surprising. We can retain the important idea that the analysis of the events denies the tradition that Tuhutum was the chief- tain who defeated Gelou. As invaders of the Frankish mid- dle Danubian possessions, they acted in cooperation with Svatopluk, the ruler of Moravia. Almus was killed in Erdelw land, so he could not reach Pannonia. Books can be attributed to “Anonymous” for several reasons: The Pannonian origin of saints Adrianus and Monanus remains disputable, as well as their Romance ethnicity.

It is very curious how the credibility of the source is recognized for all other instances, but rejected for the fragments about Romanians. In this case, the forgery would have had a specific purpose, related to the propagandistic agen- da of the work.

The erection of the fortress can be placed around the middle of the 10th century. The Roman Pannonian population survived especially there, in the western Transdanubia, near the Balaton Lake.


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The imperial power became a fiction after ; however, some frontier camps continued to be garrisoned by foederati, until the second or third decade of the 5th century. After the victory, the Hungarians con- tinued the offensive versus fines Bulgarorum, while Glad took refuge in the fortress of Keuee [Kuvin], where he was besieged by chieftains Zuard, Cadusa, and Boyta.

No No No half of the phase 1 10th c. The city of Sirmium, recovered by the Byzantine Empire inwas lost again intogether with the last relics of the Roman adminis- tration in Pannonia. This seems to exclude Bishop Paulus of Transylvania from the list of possible authors.

According to this theory, a group of warriors akin with those later ruled by Arpad arrived in the mid- dle Danubian basin in The objects with magic and symbolic charac- ter suggest that the buried person was a shaman. Glad could be either Romanian, or Bulgarian. No doubt, the source is a tendentious and propagandistic work that left aside events not suitable with this exultation over the Hungarian past. Rusty Mazza marked it as to-read Sep 26, It is surprising that M.

It is usually accepted that the events narrated in GH, c. Some historians considered that the Bulgarians were allied with the Hungarians inwhen they won a great victory against the Byzantines at Acheloo,45 but the interpretation of the sources the Arabian chronicles of Al Masoudi and Ibn-al-Ahtir was disputed they concern most probably the Hungarian and Pecheneg attacks from He gathered his data from oral and written sources.