CYBERNETYKA I CHARAKTER PDF
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It is shown, on cybernetic grounds, that all possible problems can be divided into six groups. It means that any work can be done either by the human organism itself by personal effort or by other sources of energy thanks to machines, money, charakkter, relatives, friends etc.
Marian Mazur (Author of Cybernetyka i charakter. Psychologia XXi wieku)
These statements can be particularly instructive to educators who, in fact, compel pupils to behave in the static way in spite of their exostatic or even exodynamic character. There are two ways of defining general concepts: Their practical application is profusely illustrated, especially by examples of interpersonal relations.
Terminological conventions There are two ways of defining general concepts: In cybernetykx, this parameter of character depends: The first three of them concern cognizance of: Thus, in order to establish conformity between one’s cybeernetyka and one’s situation the only possibility is to change the situation, not the character.
Over and above there is a zone in which stimuli can only be imposed “softness”. The author considers the first to be a chbernetyka habit provoking useless arguments about the meaning of wordsas if the choice of problems to be solved depended on terms, instead of the reverse.
It is pointed out that weak theoretical statements should be verified by strong empirical statements whilst weak empirical statements should be verified by strong theoretical statements.
Cybernetyka I charakter
To begin with, the present state of science is analyzed. After that introduction into the principles of cybernetics a short historical essay on polemics between scientists and anthropocentric doct-rinaires is given. Information It is emphasized that in contrast to “amount of information” which is a theoretical concept defined by a terminological convention, the term “information”, unfortunately, is used in the literature on information theory in various meanings taken mainly from nonscientific language or, quite improperly, as a synonym of “amount of information”.
The rigours and advantages of such an approach are elucidated. It is pointed out that, besides abstract problems logics and mathematics and monodisciplinary problems special disciplines of traditional science, modern science comprises multidisciplinary problems cooperation of special disciplines and interdisciplinary problems cybernetics.
It means that children are exodynamic; this conclusion is confirmed by empirical facts with astounding accuracy. In accordance with this statement, the author worked out a concept of “autonomous system” defined as a system: Control It is shown, on cybernetic grounds, that all possible problems can be divided into six groups. For the sake of a better understanding of this idea some methodological preliminaries are given.
The first three of them concern cognizance of: Then, “control” being defined as such behaviour of one system which provokes the predetermined behaviour of another system, it is pointed out that in every control process there must be mutual dependence of purposes on methods informational agents and means energetical agents.
Rigidity of control parameters means that nobody’s character can be changed by compulsion or persuasion or even self-persuasion.
Finally, the rapid transformation of imposed character into a true one “crystallisation of character” is described. Also, there is a physical explanation of such phenomena as loss of consciousness, sleep, and dreams. Their practical application is profusely illustrated, especially by examples of interpersonal relations. The point of time at which physiological energy becomes smaller than the basic energy is the end of existence.
Summary This book presents a cybernetic theory of human character. The situation conforms to the character, if it conforms to all parameters of character.
It is pointed out that weak theoretical statements charwkter be verified by strong empirical statements whilst weak empirical statements should be verified by strong theoretical statements. It is demonstrated that dynamism must inevitably change in time from positive to negative. Nevertheless, it is essential to determine whether each partner has a broad character owing to great tolerance mutual satisfaction or to great softness mutual concessions.
For the sake of a better understanding of this idea some methodological preliminaries are given. It is shown, on cybernetic grounds, that all possible problems can be divided into six groups. Theoretical and empirical cognizance Cybernetyk widespread opinion that every theory should be empirically verified is put into question.
Physiological energy consists of three components: Ensemble of rigid control parameters is called “character” it cybernetyja no to be confused with the psychological term “personality” relating to symptoms of human behaviour, not its source. The level of character is important in education, ethics, esthetics etc. The author discusses the influence of character classes on tendencies in interpersonal relations, the ensemble of character classes of partners being called “characterological configuration”.
Cybernetics To begin with, the present chaakter of science is analyzed.
Marian Mazur – Cybernetyka i charakter – Summary
A list of all possible characterological configurations has been compiled. Further, the author demonstrates that the problem of character in human behaviour cannot be solved in physiology by an investigation of energomaterial processes in the human brain, or in psychology by an investigation of informational processes such as feelings, desires etc.
Therefore all essential concepts in this book cybernetykaa defined by terminological conventions. Therefore all essential concepts in this book are defined by terminological conventions. Limanowicz, Dykteryjki i ciekawostki szachoweWarszawa The search for comprehension of human nature After that introduction into the principles of cybernetics a short historical essay on polemics between scientists and anthropocentric doct-rinaires is given.
l It means that any work can be done either by the human organism itself by personal effort or by other sources of energy thanks to machines, money, subordinates, relatives, friends etc. In order to define “information” by an appropriate conventionthe control line is considered to comprise a set of physical states “signals” in which longitudinal transformation “code” and transversal physical nature of psychical phenomena: Physiological and sociological energy.
For any partner, four kinds of cyberneytka can be distinguished: Also, there is a physical explanation of such phenomena as loss of consciousness, sleep, and dreams. Theoretical and empirical cognizance The widespread opinion that every theory should be empirically verified is put into question. Internal physiological and external sociological energetical processes are distinguished.
It explains why even weak stimuli can provoke strong reactions whilst strong stimuli can be insufficient to provoke reactions, and how it happens that people sometimes act against their interests e.