It was established by the Gram Nyayalayas Act, Gram Nyayalayas are mobile village courts in India established for speedy and easy access to justice. (1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyayalaya by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High. Keywords: nyaya panchayats, alternate disputes redessal, gram nyayalaya act. 1. Introduction. Some form of village self-government seems to have some form.

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A brief of the Report is presented below: Courts of Judicial Magistrate of Second Class. It was envisaged that the Central government would fund the initial costs in terms of non- recurring expenses for setting up these courts with an assistance limited to Rs. However, courts are held only once or twice a month. Jharkhand 6 Gram Nyayalayas have been notified. In order to dispense justice in the rural and the remotest of areas in the country, the Gram Nyayalaya Act was enacted in Therefore, it was decided that gram nyayalayas would have jurisdiction over more than one panchayat.

Qualifications for appointment of Nyayadhikari.

The Gram Nyayalayas Act, |Legislative Department | Ministry of Law and Justice | GoI

Nyyalaya from finance and political will, lack of coordination between high courts and state governments has also delayed setting up of gram nyayalaya. We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Madhya Pradesh 89 Gram Nyayalayas have been notified. An Act to provide for the establishment of Gram Nyayalayas at the grass roots level for the purposes of providing access to justice to the citizens at their doorsteps and to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are nyajalaya denied to any citizen by nyayalayx of social, economic or other disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Monday 17 August Hence, the success of these institutions should not only be measured by the number of courts established in different states, but also in terms of reaching out to deprived sections of the society and its role in the overall reduction in the pendency of cases.

This would mean that they will nyagalaya to be provided with vans and drivers, apart from local accommodation facilities, says E M Natchippan, who chaired the parliamentary standing committee on the Bill in This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that nyayaaya can make change together. Further, there is ambiguity and confusion regarding the specific jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalayas, due to the existence of alternative forums such as labour courts, family courts, etc.


The Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008

Second Schedule See Sections 13 and Presented below is an overview of the status of implementation of the Act in the states and Union Territories. Unlawful Activities Prevention Act.

Execution of decrees and orders of Gram Nyayalaya.

While determining the location nyyayalaya the Gram Nyayalayas the location of courts having parallel jurisdiction may also be considered. District Courts of India List of district courts of India. This expenditure involves appointment and salaries of nyayadhikaris judicial magistrate of the first classpleaders, clerks and stenographers.

Besides, many of the stakeholders including the litigants, lawyers, police officers and others are not even aware about the existence of Gram Nyayalayas in the district court premises and no conferences or seminars gam been organized for creating awareness about this institution.


This feature of Gram Nyayalayas is contained in Section 9 of the Act. Sub-section 4 provides that on the date fixed for hearing the Gram Nyayalaya shall hear both the parties in regard to their respective contentions and where the dispute does not require recording of any evidence, pronounce the judgment; and in case where it requires recording of evidence, the Gram Nyayalaya shall proceed further.

Conclusion Despite these shortcomings, the institution of Gram Nyayalayas has been a positive step. As stated above, one of the objectives of the Act was to reduce pendency and burden on lower courts in the district but the study revealed that even this has not been fulfilled. Sub-section 6 provides that in regard to myayalaya incidental matter that may arise during the course of the proceedings, the Gram Nyayalaya shall adopt such procedure as it may deem just and proper in the interest of justice.

The state government should first ensure basic infrastructure—building, electricity, water supply and road connectivity—before nyayaalaya nyayalayas can be set up. Maharashtra 10 Gram Nyayalayas have been notified. Acy is ambiguity and confusion regarding the specific jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalayas, due to the existence of alternative forums such as labour courts, family courts, etc. The legal papers-a court order, for example-used to achieve an expeditious resolution of the controversy.

Retrieved from ” https: Duty of Gram Nyayalaya to make efforts for conciliation and settlement of civil disputes. Karnataka 2 Gram Nyayalayas have been notified. Above everything else they need concrete, well planned and continuous efforts to make them work. This may need an amendment to the Act in order to iron out ambiguities on the basis of experiences of the past 8 years.


Current Status It is unfortunate that even after eight years of the Act’s enactment and the Standing Congmmittee’s stingi observations, the implementation left to the States, has been dismal across the country. Plea bargaining before Gram Nyayalaya.

Nyayadhikari to hold mobile courts and conduct proceedings in villages. The Central as well as the State Governments have been given power to amend the First Schedule and the Second Schedule of the Act, as per their respective legislative competence.

Sub-section 2 provides that where a suit, claim or dispute has been duly instituted, a summons shall be issued by the Gram Nyayalaya, accompanied by a copy of the application made under sub-section 1to the opposite party to appear and answer the claim by such date as may be specified therein and the same shall be served in such manner as may be prescribed by the High Court.

Instead, the Act restricts the provision of appeal to civil cases above a specified pecuniary value, and criminal cases where the accused has not pleaded guilty, or has been ordered to pay a fine over one thousand rupees. Some suggestions have been offered for optimizing the efficiency of Gram Nyayalayas of which the significant ones are:. Headquarters of Gram Nyayalaya. This information was provided to the writer by a government official who did not wish to be quoted. The Act mandated setting up of 5, village courts till Creation of awareness among various stakeholders: Inspection of Gram Nyaya-layas.

Latest Current Affairs December: But only have been set up. The number of cases disposed by Gram Nyayalayas is negligible and that they do not make any substantial difference in the overall pendency in the subordinate courts. The Gram Nyayalaya shall try criminal cases, civil suits, claims or disputes which are specified in the First Schedule and the Second Schedule to the Act. Creation of awareness among various stakeholders: