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His infantry went on the narrow passes as if on the highways of Egypt. The running borderlands conflicts were finally concluded some fifteen years after the Battle of Kadesh [3] by an official peace treaty in the 21st year of Ramesses II’s reign BC in conventional chronologywith Hattusili III, the new king of the Hittites. Muwatalli had positioned his troops behind “Old Kadesh”, but Ramesses, misled by two spies whom the Egyptians had captured, thought the Hittite forces were still far off, at Aleppo, [13] and ordered his forces to set up camp.

When they had been brought before Pharaoh, His Majesty asked, ‘Who are you? I had heard that he was in the land of Aleppo. Some fled northward to the Amun camp, all the while being pursued by Hittite chariots.

This list is of considerable interest to Hittitologists, as it reflects the extent of Hittite influence at the time. On the Hittite side, king Muwatalli had mustered several of his allies, among them Rimisharrinaa, the king of Aleppo. As Ramesses was alone with his bodyguard and the Amun division, the vizier was ordered to hasten the arrival of the Ptah and Seth divisions, with the Re division having almost arrived at the camp.

An Egyptian version survives on a papyrus. Hittite references to the battle, including the above letter, have been found at Hattusaalthough no annals have been discovered that might describe it as part of a campaign.

Battle of Kadesh

There was also a poorly documented troop called the nrrn Ne’arin or Nearinpossibly Canaanite military mercenaries with Egyptian allegiance [22] bataaille even Egyptians, [23] that Ramesses II had left in Amurruapparently in order to secure the port of Sumur.


The army moved beyond the fortress of Tjel and along the coast leading to Gaza. Indeed, the first scholarly report on the battle, by James Henry Breasted inpraised the sources that allowed the reconstruction of the battle with certainty. Kades inside his Abu Simbel temple. His majesty reached the town of Kadesh Egypt’s Greatest Pharaoh, Penguin Books, Views Read Edit View history.

Like his father Ramesses ISeti I was a military commander who set out to restore Egypt’s empire to the days of the Tuthmosid kings almost a century before. Ramesses led an army of four divisions: There are historical records that record a large weapons order by Ramesses II in the year before the expedition he led to Kadesh in his fifth regnal year.

The recovery of Amurru was Muwatalli’s stated motivation for marching south to confront the Egyptians. The Hittites, who believed their enemies to be totally routed, had stopped to plunder the Egyptian camp and, in doing so, became easy targets for Ramesses’ counterattack.

All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from March Webarchive template wayback links CS1 uses Persian-language script fa CS1 Persian-language sources fa Coordinates on Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Commons category link from Wikidata.

Ramses 3: La Bataille De Kadesh : Christian Jacq :

Archived from the original on Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battle of Kadesh. Second Edition RevisedChicago: What exactly happened to Amurru is disputed. The new lighter, faster, two-man Egyptian chariots were able to pursue and take down the slower three-man Hittite chariots from behind as they overtook them.

Hittite records from Boghazkoyhowever, tell of a very different conclusion to the greater campaign, where a chastened Ramesses was forced to depart from Kadesh in defeat.

They are armed with their infantry and their chariots. The Egyptians showed flagging interest here until almost the end of the dynasty. The battle is generally dated to BC in the Egyptian chronology[11] and is the earliest battle in recorded history for which details of tactics and formations are known.


Ramses 3: La Bataille De Kadesh

Many of the Egyptian campaign accounts between c. It is believed to have been the largest chariot battle ever kadsh, involving between 5, and 6, chariots in total.

Although he had suffered a significant reversal, Muwatalli II still commanded a large force of reserve chariotry and infantry, plus the walls of the town. Outside of the inscriptions, there are textual occurrences preserved in Papyrus Raifet and Papyrus Sallier III[45] and a rendering of these same events in a letter from Ramesses to Hattusili III written in response kadesb a scoffing complaint by Hattusili about the pharaoh’s victorious depiction of the battle.

James says ‘This romanticized record of the Battle of Qadesh cannot be treated as a truthful account of what happened, and I doubt whether many ancient Egyptians would have accepted it wholly as an historical record’ p.

Now after days had passed after this, then his majesty was in Ramses Meri-Amon, the town which is in the Valley of the Cedar. University of California Press.

The main source of information is in the Egyptian record of the battle for which a general level of accuracy is assumed despite factual errors and propaganda. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ramesses’ action was successful in driving the looters back towards the Orontes river and away from the Egyptian camp, [32] while in the ensuing pursuit, the heavier Hittite chariots were easily overtaken and dispatched by the lighter, faster, Egyptian chariots.