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Those who “collaborated” with Americans have been pilloried for opportunism by historians from lisandto “nationalist school” of the University of the Philippines. Unfortunately, intentionally or unintentionally, Mr.

Find out more here. Provincial elites and ilustrados like Luna were leading their troops—many of whom were poor peasants—into slaughter, and while compromising with the enemy may have been less glorious than dying on the field of battle alas, less cinematic?

There is a diptych of heroism at the center of the film distilled in the line: As a historian, I object to portraying those who sued for peace as “traitors.

We hibris you some trouble. Do Not Rush to Judgment. But I am a citizen of the Philippines, and I seek a democratic future for our country. Heneral Luna dismisses these figures in the same light. For politicians like Buencamino to seek peace after such carnage may have been traitorous to some, but humane for others. Yet popular stories, democratic or authoritarian, have effects. View More Articles About:.


Calaméo – Lisandro Lisandro Hubris

There’s an argument to be made that the liberal reformist, Jose Rizal, who admired many aspects of American republicanism, would have agreed with his drinking buddy, Pardo.

Does this mean these people were not opportunists? And to this extent, I am wary of cultural content that may aid in eroding our democratic culture.

The fantastical belief, or perhaps counterfactual, at the heart of Heneral Luna is the wish for national deliverance after imperialism: If the film didn’t hammer this message, its marketing definitely did.

Subscribe to our newsletter! All the Best Style Moves of The Busiest Senate Re-Electionists: For some, it works both ways. I am wary of cultural content that may aid in eroding our democratic culture. Tarog imposes an unreasonably high bar on what constitutes artistic influence.

This is How You Wear a Logo. Want to Retire Early? But it foregrounded a strong, dictatorial leader at a time when people were sick of effete and opportunistic liberals. Rather, they expect stories about good guys vs.

On the issue of whether or not Heneral Luna helped elect Rodrigo Duterte, he dismisses critics through a challenge: We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on Esquiremag.


For others, a clean shave takes the vibe all the way back to grade school. My comments on Twitter seem to have offended the director, Jerrold Tarog, and I offer my apologies for any personal hurt my words have caused.

Sorry, ‘Heneral Luna’ Romanticized Strongmen

Tarog cannot wash his hands of this message. Rizal’s writings may have changed the course of history but it was his effective leadership that brought people together. But the influence of literature and film cannot be reduced to simple causality. So did Heneral Luna contribute to Duterte’s rise? It’s the simplicity of “bayan o sarili” that continues ilsandro trouble me.

Its doyen, Teodoro Agoncillo, once claimed that T.

Counterpoint: ‘Heneral Luna’ Romanticized Strongmen | Esquire Ph

Which is why he offers another excuse for promoting an authoritarian figure: Never mind that independence from Americans would lksandro still ended up with elite, cacique rule. Against him were the scheming and effete “traitors” like Buencamino who wanted to surrender to the Americans. Pardo de Tavera deserved to be shot for surrendering to the Americans.